Patching, renewing, or repairing
types of heavy material In addition to loading,
corroded or broken plates, angles, side stakes, center
unloading, and handling wheels.
sills, and steel underframe parts.
Patching or replacing wooden floors,
and outlets at all convenient locations is essential. An
lining, running boards, etc.
electrical distribution system should be provided with
outlets for an electric welding set, electric tools, and
Repairing sides, ends, or roofs.
floodlighting if necessary for night shift work.
19-5. Large Repair Tracks
special loading devices.
The layout of a large repair track where 50
(10) Repairing cars for upgrading
or more car repairmen are stationed is dependent
receive a higher commodity classification.
primarily upon the plan of operation Either the cars
requiring repairs are placed at one repair position in the
(11) Restenciling required.
yard, and men, tools, and materials are moved to each
car, or, if the spot system is used, the cars to be
repaired are moved from one point to another for
The preparation of cars for higher
progressive repairs, and cars which require wheel
commodity loading is an important function of any light
changes are segregated. Cars for wheel change-out or
repair yard. Cards for commodities such as flour, grain,
other repairs are placed on one or more tracks and
sugar, perishable rations or supplies, and similar
moved successively to a location provided with
materials subject to damage must have good floors,
permanent jacking pads or blocks, pneumatic jacks, and
sides, and roofs to prevent rain, ice, snow, or cinders
a fixed or portable frame or hoists for dismantling and
from entering. Boxcars for this type of loading should
assembling truck sides, bolsters, etc. The wheeling
be reworked on the repair track to insure their
location must be adjacent to wheel storage tracks
continuance in such service.
equipped with a crane, dolly car, or turntables for easy
movement of wheels to and from the working area.
19-4. Light Repair Track
The physical size of the repair track facilities
The spot system for miscellaneous light
repair work can be used effectively in those repair yards
will depend upon the volume of the work to be
where the cars to be repaired are predominantly of one
performed. A small repair shop located at the end of a
branch line or at a small yard where 10 or more men are
class or type. This would be true In a yard in a coal area
where hopper cars are handled, at a tank car terminal
stationed (exclusive of train-yard inspectors or oilers)
near a refinery or oil-producing section, or at, a terminal
should have buildings for an office; latrine facilities; and
or yard for refrigerator cars, etc. The spot system has
a storeroom to house all material except wheels,
many advantages where the type and volume of work
operation may be so small that a shed, roof, or building
permit At repair positions, material, tools, and supplies
can be stored in bins, racks, or cupboards adjacent to
over the repair track is not justified, except in areas
the location where they are to be used. This saves
where extremes In weather are encountered.
delays and manhours and reduces the time required to
A hard-surface pavement should be
move from one car to another.
provided at the side of or between the working tracks to
form a roadway and to permit jacks, wheels, couplers,
It is difficult to have a repair track operating
draft gear, etc., to be hauled from storehouse or storage
on the spot system if all types of loaded or empty cars
platforms to a car undergoing repairs The platform
must be handled and if repairs vary from light
should be extended to provide a connection with
operations such as the renewal of running boards,
storehouse, shop buildings, and an access road. The
repairs to safety appliances, etc., to straightening or
access road will permit material and supply trucks,
renewing bent sheets, ends, or doors, or other heavy
ambulances, and firefighting equipment to reach the
work on open-top or enclosed cars. It is possible,
repair shop facility.
however, to use the spot system for wheeling cars, even
though its use on the repair track is not justified. The
cooperation of the train operating company is essential
A minimum facility should also include a
to the success of such an arrangement, since cars
crane truck, a pillar crane, or a jib type crane with a
power hoist for loading and unloading wheels. A crane
requiring wheel change must be
truck is desirable, since it can be used for handling all