The wood mill and planing mill present
segregated from other bad-order cars, and this
certain fire hazards and should be in a separate building
necessitates extra switching A careful study is required
or have a firewall separating them for adjacent shops or
of all factors to determine which system to use.
facilities. Lumber must be reworked for use as flooring,
siding, or sheathing in camp cars and cabooses. It is
19-6. Shop Buildings
also desirable to provide a shed near the wood mill for
the storage of lumber An open-side shed should have
It is desirable, particularly at a small car
an overhanging roof to protect the lumber from driving
repair facility, to house all shops, offices, etc, in one
building, for convenience.
Provision of plumbing,
heating, light, and other services is simplified.
The paint shop can be a small room or
building, since the average light repair track will not
Offices should be provided for the foreman
attempt any extensive painting operations. It should be
and clerks with a small locker room, toilet facilities, and
protected from fire hazards. Space should be available
file storage for office personnel
for the storage of paint, stencils, and supplies.
Washrooms and locker rooms should
In addition to the service buildings, serious
provide latrines, washbasins, and shower stalls.
consideration should be given to the desirability of
Individual lockers for car repair platoon personnel are
providing a shed or an enclosed building over the repair
required for storage of uniforms, individual weapons,
track area. Elimination of lost time and delays due to
and other items of military equipment not needed on the
bad weather may justify the construction.
The amount of machinery and equipment to
Building space is necessary for heating
be provided will depend upon the volume and type of
work to be performed The small repair yard, and in
services are not available from a nearby shop.
many cases even the larger yard, can be supplied with
prefabricated parts, precut lumber, and reconditioned
Toolroom space is essential for storage and
airbrake, truck, and draw gear assemblies from a central
protection of jacks, portable tools, air hose,
oxyacetylene torches, electric welders, cable, and hand
TOE equipment is considered sufficient to
perform 1- to 3-day repairs, usually not exceeding 40
Because of fire hazards, the building for
storage of waste, prepared packing, and oil should be of
fireproof construction and be separated from other
The storehouse room or building should
buildings It should be large enough for packing vats or
have adequate space for storage of bolts, nuts, small
tanks, as well as for storage of a carload of waste.
materials, and supplies in bins, racks, or cupboards.
Heavy items of car material can be stored on outside
The airbrake room or building furnishes
racks or platforms, since this type of material is not
space for the storage of reconditioned airbrake
affected by the weather.
components If the volume of work justifies, this room
should be equipped with necessary test racks and
Wheel storage tracks preferably should be
arranged at right angles to the repair tracks. Sufficient
double storage tracks should be provided to permit
Pipe and sheet metal repairs normally will
classification of wheels by journal sizes, steel or cast
not require a great amount of space, and the necessary
iron, new or reworked.
machines can be installed at one of the fabricating shop
or planing mill. The blacksmith shop, particularly at a
19-7. Materials Handling Equipment
small shop, may also be combined with other shop
facilities It is preferable, however, to have it in a
The importance of providing adequate
separate, well ventilated room or building, because of
materials handling equipment cannot be over
the fumes, dust, and dirt resulting from its operation.
emphasized. Its use in loading, unloading, and moving
materials and supplies will expedite car repair work,
A room or building is essential to house
reduce delays, and effect considerable economies in
machinery for fabricating operations on steel and for
drilling, threading, and grinding This space should be
convenient to storage platforms, driveways, and working
The well-equipped car repair yard should be
areas and should provide ample room for handling large
provided with a truck crane of 8,000- to