21-1. Accident Prevention Program
herein cannot be considered as all inclusive, since time
and conditions will dictate additions and deletions They
do, however, cover the major safety hazards involved in
A sound, practical accident prevention
the maintenance of railway cars Detailed railway safety
program is essential in decreasing accidents in the car
rules are contained in DA Pam 55-1, a copy of which
repair yard. Some of the elements that contribute to the
success of such a program are--
Establishment of a shop safety
21-3. General Rules
committee, the membership of which should be chosen,
in large part, from the rank and file and given authority
Persons in charge of work are responsible
to enforce safety regulations.
for the safety of the men under their supervision,
including those temporarily borrowed or transferred from
Establishment of sound safety rules
another division This does not preclude individual
responsibility. Personnel are responsible for their own
instruction In their observance.
safety and will not depend upon others to apply the
safety rules for them.
Enforcement of the rules
Inexperienced personnel must be properly
Instruction in safer ways of doing
instructed in safe methods of performing their work.
Personnel will familiarize themselves with
Instruction in first aid.
tools, appliances, and equipment before use, making
Fixing of responsibilities from top to
certain that their condition is safe.
Personnel will not cross, sit, or lie under
The following cautions are suggested in
cars, except in performance of duty, and then only when
protection is afforded
The usual causes of accidents should
Personnel will look in both directions before
crossing, walking parallel to, or standing close to tracks.
They must walk clear of tracks when duties permit and
Snap judgments must be avoided. An
against the current of traffic A lookout must be kept in
investigation should be conducted in each case to
both directions for approaching trains or cars.
determine the causes for the accident.
Personnel will not step or walk on rails,
Determination should be made of the
frogs, switches, or interlocking machinery except when
reason why the safe method was not followed.
necessary in the performance of duty.
Investigation should reveal whether
Material will not be placed close to or
any unsafe condition was involved and why it existed.
between tracks, but must be moved to a site where
Action should be taken to prevent a
safety is assured.
Care will be exercised to avoid injury from
protruding nails When practicable, nails should be bent
21-2. Safety Rules
down or removed.
Safety rules are for the protection of
Personnel will not use hammers, mauls,
personnel, as well as for the safeguarding of
picks, etc., without sufficient room, except In
Government property. All personnel engaged in the
maintenance of railway cars must be conversant with
Personnel will not ride on cranes or attached
and obey the safety rules and special instructions.
idler cars, except In the performance of
Situations not covered by the rules demand sound
judgment in applying correct principles of safety.
It must be realized that the rules contained