The modes of transport bring the Army transportation system to life. They are the
arteries that feed terminals, delivering the deploying force and distributing
supplies into and within the area of operations (AO).
There are two transport modes:
Air (includes fixed-wing and rotary-wing aircraft)
Surface (includes sea, highway, rail, and pipeline).
The transport mode used depends on the existing geography and developmental
infrastructure available in the AO. The type of military operation and the political
nature of the U.S. involvement may also influence mode selection. Commander
should equip the force with as many mode varieties as possible for flexibility.
The air mode consists of a variety of assets:
Air mode of
U.S. Air Force--strategic and theater airlift (under command of Air Mobility
Commercial--fixed wing assets (normally limited to strategic level of war).
U.S. Army--rotary wing assets (can operate with less improved base
Surface modes of transport consist of the following categories:
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