d. They frequently cause derailments.
e. They may jam in one position.
11. Given below is a list of terms from which selections are to be made to complete the
description of the installation of a turnout which follows. Write the proper letter in the
Toe and heel.
Frog and straight running rail.
Frog, straight closure rail, and switch rail.
Bent stock rail.
NOTE: The point of frog (PF) and the point of switch (PS) have been located on the
Take out the old rails, ballast, and ties from between the PF and PS, after which you are
to install the
. Next, you place and spike the straight stock rail and position and
loosely spike the
. Then comes the assembly of the
after which that
assembly is gaged and spiked. The PS is then lightly spiked in place and the curved closure
rail and turnout point of switch permanently spiked. Gaging and spiking the bent stock rail
and assembling and spiking the
follow. When the switch points have been
connected with the switch rods and the switch stand installed, the turnout is complete.
12. Listed below are words to be used in completing the statements on turnouts that follow.
Choose the word or group of words that best completes each statement.
* 1 point for each choice.