Each car is insulated, ventilated, and equipped
with its own heating and power-generating plants and water supply
system; only the ward car is air-conditioned.
Car windows are
designed for complete blackout.
The three cars of the train are
designed to operate as a unit to furnish complete railway ambulance
Each type of car is discussed in the following
a. Ward car. Located midway on both sides of the center aisle
of the ward car are tier-type bunks to accommodate 30 litter patients
or 12 litter and 24 ambulatory patients.
Six bunks are stationary;
24 can be converted to seats.
patients' comfort and care are included: sterilizing equipment, a
lavatory, and an air-conditioning system.
A receiving room is
located at the platform, and sliding side doors provide for receiving
patients into the car.
b. Medical personnel car.
Personnel of the Army Medical
Service are provided with sleeping quarters, dressing rooms, and
toilet facilities in the medical personnel car. It is equipped with
two air-circulating blower units, and it contains staterooms for 4
officers, 2 nurses, and 15 enlisted men.
c. Kitchen-dining-storage car. Space for storing medical and
food supplies and for preparing and serving food is contained in the
kitchen-dining-storage car. The car is divided into three sections:
a kitchen with such cooking facilities as stove, refrigerator,
steamtables, and bins to prepare complete meals; a dining area with
tables to seat 24; and a cleaning area containing a service sink and
storage space for medical, food, and cleaning supplies.
also has an emergency water supply.
To reduce the time required for various types of rail
operations and to speed up repairs, laborsaving machinery and tools
Special equipment designed for specific purposes has
been built for use in railway operations.
Two types of such
equipment included in the foreign service fleet are cranes and
a. Cranes. In loading and unloading cars and moving supplies
and materiel, cranes help to speed up many railway operations.
Clearing rail lines when traffic has been interrupted by washouts,
landslides, wrecks, or other causes is one of the many tasks for
which cranes can be used. The cranes in the foreign service fleet