4.1. GENERAL

Thus far, the discussions in this text explain how the rail

transportation planner obtains information and how he uses it to

determine the capacity of a railroad and the amount of equipment

required to operate it. The planner's next job is to determine how

many people are needed for the rail operation. The methods for

determining the number of road crews, switch crews, and subsequently

the number and kind of rail units required are explained in this

chapter.

4.2. ROAD CREWS

The number of road crews needed for each division is based on

the amount of time each crew works and the rest time each crew

requires. Work time includes a 2hour call period, the running time,

and a 1hour period at destination. Normally, crews should have 12

hours off before reporting back on duty. The 2hour call period is

necessary at the originating terminal of the division for crews to

report for duty, receive orders and instructions, move a locomotive

from the roundhouse to the departure yard, couple it to a train, test

the airbrake system, and check the train consist. The running time

(RT) is the length of time it takes to run the train over the

division. It is computed as stated in paragraph 3.6, by dividing the

length of the division by the average speed of the train. If the

average speed is not known, the planner should assume it to be 8 mph

for a singletrack operation in a theater and 10 mph for a double

track operation. Another time factor that must be included in the

computation is the 1hour period at the final destination. It allows

for placing the train on designated tracks, moving the locomotive to

the roundhouse, and submitting the necessary reports.

Normally the sum of the call period, the running time, and the

1hour period at the final destination should not exceed 12 hours so

that crews have sufficient time to rest before reporting back on

duty. The 12hour time limit can be exceeded for short periods in

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