To eliminate handwork or delays, the heavy
A hydraulic press should be included to form
car repair shop must be provided with a large
and offset sheets. This equipment also can be used for
complement of portable tools for all applicable
the manufacture of corrugated car end sheets, hopper
Tools of this type will include rivet
doors, and similar flanged parts. A number of power
punches of different types will be essential. Single
saws, impact wrenches, portable sanders, and floor
punches will be needed for angles, channels, and plate
sanders. These tools are either pneumatic or electric.
strips. Gap-type punches with stands and supports will
be required for wider shape and plates.
18-11. Materials Handling Equipment
Pneumatic and hydraulic forming presses
The heavy car repair shop will require a full
can be shop-built for straightening bent parts, for
complement of mobile equipment, such as crane trucks,
bending or forming light sections, and for miscellaneous
forklift trucks, tractors, trailers, platform trucks, and hand
work. One or more furnaces and forges will be essential
wagons, similar to that listed for light repair operations.
for heating certain parts before they are reworked and
Of equal importance is the need for overhead cranes, jib
for annealing other items after they have been welded.
cranes, hoists, monorails, etc.
, for handling the
Blacksmith shop equipment should include steam or
multitude of heavy plates, parts, and subassemblies.
power hammers of various sizes, forging machines,
furnaces, and forges. Many items such as ladder rungs,
platform supports, door hardware, etc., can be
Cranes should be provided in the repair
reclaimed or manufactured in such a shop.
shop, as well as in material and fabricating bays of the
carshop building Capacities will vary from 2: 0 to 5,0
Machine tool equipment for heavy car repair
tons over the heavy repair tracks and from 5 to 10 tons
work should comprise a number of radial drills of
for materials handling or truck work. Each crane can
various lengths, drill presses, bolt threaders, power
serve 2 or 3 tracks from runways extending the full
hacksaws, planers, latches of various sizes, and shapers
length of the building.
and grinders at convenient locations. The machine
shop tools should also include a lathe, a milling
Provisions must be made for transfer of
machine, a tool grinder, a drill grinder, and other
material and assemblies from one bay to another by
necessary tools for the manufacture of devices, jigs, and
push car or jib cranes. Jib or post type cranes, with
fixtures, as well as for maintenance of equipment. A
electric or pneumatic 1 or 2-ton hoists, are essential for
toolroom is an essential adjunct to a machine shop.
moving plates, parts, and material into and out of
machines, presses, furnaces, etc. , and for handling
Work generally assigned to sheet metal
mounted wheels. Monorail hoists are also useful where
workers in a railroad shop consists of tinning,
material is to be moved a relatively short distance from
coppersmithing, and pipefitting.
one fixed location to another.
coppersmithing consist of building, erecting, assembling,
installing, dismantling for repairs, and maintaining parts
Assembly lines located in the open should
made of 10-gage sheet metal and lighter and of copper,
be provided with monorails, shop-built runways, or pillar-
brass, tin, zinc, white metal, and black planlshed,
type cranes equipped with 1 or 2-ton hoists to handle
pickled, and galvanized iron.
plates and subassemblies. A portable gantry crane
tinning, and some babbitting are included. The amount
spanning the entire car will prove useful. Portable
of machinery required normally will be limited to a foot-
pneumatically operated jacks, or possibly fixed power
operated shear, a brake, a folder, hand-operated rolls,
jacks are necessary for jacking cars to remove trucks,
crimpers, etc. , for lighter gage metal. Sheet metal
bodies, ends, and other heavy assemblies.
workers also do welding.
Skids or pallets should be used in handling
Pipework includes bending, fitting, cutting,
both storehouse and shop materials in heavy car repair
threading, brazing, connecting, and disconnecting air,
operations. The skids or pallets can be lifted by
platform or forklift trucks and carried from the
water, gas, oil, and steam pipes. The pipe shop section
should be equipped with the necessary machinery to
storehouse to machines or shops and then to the proper
location on the repair line, minimizing the costs of
form or fabricate any of the standard sizes of pipes used
on railway cars. A pipe threading machine with capacity
shifting and handling material.
up to 2 1/2-inch pipe will be satisfactory. Hydraulic or
power pipe benders are essential.